Definitions and translations for "burden"

Definition of burden

Pronunciation
Noun
1. A heavy load.
2. A responsibility, onus.
3. A cause of worry; that which is grievous, wearisome, or oppressive.
4. The capacity of a vessel, or the weight of cargo that she will carry.
A ship of a hundred tons burden
5. The tops or heads of stream-work which lie over the stream of tin.
6. The proportion of ore and flux to fuel, in the charge of a blast furnace.
7. A fixed quantity of certain commodities.
A burden of gad steel is 120 pounds.
8. A birth.
That bore thee at a burden two fair sons
9. The total amount of toxins, parasites, cancer cells, plaque or the such present in an organism.
Verb
10. To encumber with a burden (in any of the noun senses of the word).
To burden a nation with taxes
11. To impose, as a load or burden; to lay or place as a burden (something heavy or objectionable).
© Wordnet 3.1 & Wiktionary - Combined dictionary for best results.

English - English - burden

Pronunciation
n. load; weight; capacity, volume
v. load; weigh down
n. burden, load, mass, pressure

English - Spanish - burden

Pronunciation
s. carga, agobio, carga pesada, fardo, gravamen, imposición, opresión; peso
v. agobiar, atribular; sobrecargar

English - French - burden

Pronunciation
n. fardeau; charge; poids, volume; contenance; refrain, (chanson); substance (discours, plainte)
v. charger, alourdir; accabler; être un fardeau pour (qqn)

English - German - burden

Pronunciation
n. Last, Bürde; Tragfähigkeit, Tonnage
v. belasten; beladen

English - Indonesian - burden

Pronunciation
n. beban, timpaan, tanggungan, pembebanan, pokok
v. membebani, membebankan, menyusahkan, memperberatkan

English - Italian - burden

Pronunciation
s. carico, peso; (fig) onere, fardello, responsabilità; (Mar) portata, tonnellaggio; capacità, stazza netta; (Met) letto di fusione; (Comm) gravame, aggravio
v. caricare, gravare, imporre un onere a; (fig) opprimere, deprimere

English - Polish - burden

Pronunciation
n. ciężar, brzemię, ładunek, obciążenie, tonaż, refren, istota
v. obarczyć, ładować, obciążyć, obładować, zwalać, uciemiężać, zadłużyć, obarczać, obciążać, zwalić, uciemiężyć, zadłużać

English - Portuguese - burden

Pronunciation
s. carga; apreensão; aflição
v. sobrecarregar; dificultar

English - Romanian - burden

Pronunciation
n. greutate, povară, sarcină, greu, răspundere, durere, laitmotiv, refren, subiect principal, temă principală, încărcătură {mar.}, tonaj, supărare
v. încărca, îngreuia, împovăra

English - Russian - burden

Pronunciation
с. ноша, тяжесть, груз; бремя, нагрузка; накладные расходы; пустая порода
г. нагружать, обременять, отягощать, тяготить

English - Turkish - burden

Pronunciation
f. yüklemek, sırtına yüklemek
i. nakarat, ana fikir, yük, sorumluluk, zorunluluk, yük taşıma, tonaj (gemi)

English - Ukrainian - burden

Pronunciation
n. ноша, вага, вантаж, тягар, приспів, вагота, завага, ладун, ярмо
v. обтяжувати, навантажувати, нав'ючити, наладовувати, наснажувати, обважувати, отяжати

English - Dutch - burden

Pronunciation
zn. last; gewicht; acceptatievermogen
ww. opladen; verzwaren

English - Greek - burden

Pronunciation
ουσ. βάρος, φορτίο
ρήμ. επιβαρύνω

English - Arabic - burden

Pronunciation
‏حمل، عبء، حمل الأثقال، الفكرة الرئيسية، غناء رتيب، حمولة السفينة، حمولة، قرار‏
‏أثقل، حمل، ألقى عليه حملا‏

English - Chinese - burden

Pronunciation
(名) 重负, 重担; 装载吨数, 吨位; 负担, 沉重的责任#主旨, 主题; 歌曲的低声合唱; 合唱叠句, 副歌
(动) 加重压于, 烦扰, 加负担于; 加负荷于, 使载重

English - Chinese - burden

Pronunciation
(名) 重負, 重擔; 裝載噸數, 噸位; 負擔, 沈重的責任#主旨, 主題; 歌曲的低聲合唱; 合唱疊句, 副歌
(動) 加重壓於, 煩擾, 加負擔於; 加負荷於, 使載重

English - Hindi - burden

Pronunciation
n. बोझ, कविता की टेक
v. बोझ लादना

English - Japanese - burden

Pronunciation
(動) 荷を負わせる; 負わせる
(名) 重荷; 義務; 重い荷物; 積載トン数; 要旨

English - Korean - burden

Pronunciation
명. 짐; 부담; 적재력, 배의 적재력
동. 짐을 지우다; 부담을 주다

English - Vietnamese - burden

Pronunciation
n. gánh nặng, vật nặng, đồ nặng, lập chứng trách nhiệm, chịu trách nhiệm, sức trọng tải, điệp khúc
v. bắt gánh vác
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Dictionary Extension
Synonyms for burden
1. weight: charge, load, cargo, freight, lading
2. encumbrance: cross, hardship, affliction, onus, ordeal, trial, grievance
3. essence: concern, gist, central idea, effect, core, drift, epitome
4. refrain: chorus
5. encumber: load, weigh down, exercise, strain, freight, overload, handicap
6. oppress: trouble, afflict, worry, vex
Verb forms for burden
Present participle: burdening
Present: burden (3.person: burdens)
Past: burdened
Future: will burden
Present conditional: would burden
Present Perfect: have burdened (3.person: has burdened)
Past Perfect: had burdened
Future Perfect: will have burdened
Past conditional: would have burdened