Definitions and translations for "rough"

Definition of rough

Pronunciation
Adjective
1. Having a texture that has much friction. Not smooth; uneven.
2. Approximate; hasty or careless; not finished.
A rough estimate; a rough sketch of a building; a rough plan
3. Turbulent.
The sea was rough.
4. Difficult; trying.
Being a teenager nowadays can be rough.
5. Crude; unrefined
His manners are a bit rough, but he means well.
6. Violent; not careful or subtle
This box has been through some rough handling.
7. Loud and hoarse; offensive to the ear; harsh; grating.
A rough tone; a rough voice
8. Not polished; uncut; said of a gem.
A rough diamond
9. Harsh-tasting.
Rough wine
Noun
10. The unmowed part of a golf course.
11. A rude fellow; a coarse bully; a rowdy.
12. A scuffed and roughened area of the pitch, where the bowler's feet fall, used as a target by spin bowlers because of its unpredictable bounce.
13. The raw material from which faceted or cabochon gems are created.
14. A quick sketch, similar to a thumbnail, but larger and more detailed. Meant for artistic brainstorming and a vital step in the design process.
15. Boisterous weather.
Verb
16. To create in an approximate form.
Rough in the shape first, then polish the details.
17. To commit the offense of roughing, i.e. to punch another player.
18. To render rough; to roughen.
19. To break in (a horse, etc.), especially for military purposes.
Adverb
20. In a rough manner; rudely; roughly.
© Wordnet 3.1 & Wiktionary - Combined dictionary for best results.

English - English - rough

Pronunciation
n. unpleasant or difficult aspect; draft, work still in the preliminary stages; uneven rocky terrain; hoodlum, ruffian (British)
v. coarsen, become rough; behave violently; prepare in preliminary form, sketch
adj. harsh, severe; coarse, having a jagged or uneven surface; unrefined, raw, crude; approximate; undefined, unclear

English - Spanish - rough

Pronunciation
s. grosero, persona grosera; diseño preliminar
v. poner colorete a; ponerse colorete
adj. áspero, basto, carraspeño, carrasposo, carrasqueño, fragoso, grueso, raspante, rugoso; encrespado, agitado, arriscado, cerril, desigual, escabroso, escarpado, quebrado; rudo, agreste, arrabalesco

English - French - rough

Pronunciation
n. situation difficile; aspect désagréable; terrain accidenté; brouillon; rough, avant-projet donnant une idée première de la réalisation publicitaire envisagée;esquisse; voyou, brute, truand (Britannique)
v. rendre rugueux; ébouriffer; se comporter violemment
adj. rude, rapeux; rugueux, raboteux; rêche, brutal; inégal; brut; brusque; bourru; dur; revêche; frustre; âpre; brut; grossier; approximatif; agité (mer); vague, obscur

English - German - rough

Pronunciation
n. Entwurff; bergiges Terrain; Halbstarker, Rowdy
v. aufrauhen; rauh werden; sich gewalttätig verhalten; Grundriss vorbereiten, skizzieren
adj. hart; rauh; roh

English - Indonesian - rough

Pronunciation
n. kasar: keadaan kasar
a. kasar, kesat, gerutu, corat-coret, gabas, garis besar: dlm garis besar, geradakan, cowboy, berat, sukar, buruk

English - Italian - rough

Pronunciation
s. terreno accidentato; erba alta; (fig) lato spiacevole, rovescio della medaglia; difficoltà, ostacolo, avversità; abbozzo, cosa allo stato grezzo; (Oref) pietra grezza; teppista
v. irruvidire, rendere ruvido; increspare, arruffare; (Sport) fare un gioco pesante contro
agg. scabro, ruvido, rozzo, aspro, scabroso; irsuto, ispido, irto; impervio, accidentato; agitato, burrascoso, grosso, tempestoso; turbolento, violento, facinoroso; rude, duro, forte; (Sport) pesante

English - Polish - rough

Pronunciation
n. teren nierówny, przykrości, chuligan {am.}, szkic, surowy stan, burda
v. mierzwić
a. szorstki, chropawy, gruboskórny, górzysty, niegładki, wyboisty, brutalny, twardy, chamski, grubiański, niewybredny, burzliwy, dżdżysty, deszczowy, słotny, przybliżony, powierzchowny, nieuczesany, kostopaty, ostry, prymitywny, ordynarny
adv. brutalnie, ordynarnie

English - Portuguese - rough

Pronunciation
s. situação difícil; bruto; rascunho
v. tornar áspero; molestar, pertubar; esboçar, traçar, delinear
adj. duro; áspero; bruto

English - Romanian - rough

Pronunciation
n. stare brută, dezordine, lipsă de aranjare, neplăcere: neplăceri, parte neplăcută, pungaş, huligan, teren accidentat, cui
v. face o schiţă, bruftui, răsti: se răsti la, trata cu asprime, şlefui
a. aspru, grosolan, ordinar, brut, neprelucrat, accidentat, bolovănos, scorţos, pietros, bulgăros, brutal, dur, puternic, violent, furtunos, rău, vijelios, ţepos, zburlit, necioplit, bădăran, nearanjat, aproximativ, estimativ
adv. mod: în mod grosolan

English - Russian - rough

Pronunciation
с. неровное поле, неровность; трудный период; неприятная сторона, неотделанность, незаконченность; хулиган, буян, грубиян, головорез; шип подковы
г. делать грубым, мириться с лишениями, терпеть лишения; лохматить, подковать на шипы, объезжать
прил. неровный, шероховатый; неприятный; неотделанный, необработанный; косматый, лохматый; черновой, приблизительный; жесткий; резкий; тяжелый, трудный; лишенный комфорта

English - Turkish - rough

Pronunciation
f. pürüzlendirmek, pütür pütür yapmak, itip kakmak, kötü davranmak, terbiye etmek (at), nal kayarı takmak, sert çıkmak
i. taslak, müsvedde, zorluk, kaba tip, külhanbeyi, kabadayı, işlenmemiş şey, engebeli arazi, nal kayarı
s. kabataslak, pürüzlü, pürtüklü, dik (saç), engebeli, taslak halinde olan, fırtınalı, haşin, dalgalı, sert, kaba, kaba saba, gürültücü, hoyrat, işlenmemiş, yaklaşık, aşağı yukarı, cilasız, kulak tırmalayıcı, rahatsız edici, zor, kötü, açık saçık, müsteh

English - Ukrainian - rough

Pronunciation
n. нерівний: нерівна місцевість, грубий: щось грубе на вигляд
v. грубий: робити грубим, грубішати, кошлати
a. нерівний, грубий, кошлатий, черновий, необроблений, загрубілий, наїжений, невироблений, необшугований, нетесаний, рапавий, чорний, чорновий, шершавий, шорсткий
adv. грубо, нерівно, необроблено

German - English - rough

Pronunciation
adj. harsh, severe; coarse, having a jagged or uneven surface; unrefined, raw, crude; approximate; undefined, unclear

English - Dutch - rough

Pronunciation
zn. gewelddadige kerel; iets in het klad geschreven; tegenslag
ww. ruw maken, ruw worden; zich gewelddadig gedragen; preliminair voorbereiden, in kort omschrijven
bn. hard; ruw, grof; onbewerkt

English - Greek - rough

Pronunciation
ρήμ. τραχύνω
επίθ. αδούλευτος, ακατέργαστος, τραχύς, ανώμαλος, βάναυσος, άξεστος, τρικυμιώδης, πρόχειρος

French - Spanish - rough

Pronunciation
(sport - golf) hierba alta

French - Italian - rough

Pronunciation
(sport - golf) erba alta

French - Portuguese - rough

Pronunciation
(sport - golf) mato (m); rough (m)

Portuguese - French - rough

Pronunciation
(esportes - golfe) rough (m); herbe longue

French - Dutch - rough

Pronunciation
(sport - golf) ruw terrein (n)

English - Arabic - rough

Pronunciation
‏أرض وعرة‏
‏أصبح عنيف، غضب، لعب يخشونة، خاشن، صمم، سلك مسلكا فظا، إخشوشن، حيي حياة قاسية، خشن الشىء‏
‏جلف، صعب، حاد، خشن، فظ، لاذع، أجش، وعر، غير منظم، هائج، عاصف، شظف، مضطرب، عنيف، قاسي، جاف، قاس صلب، قاس‏

English - Chinese - rough

Pronunciation
(名) 高低不平的地面; 未加工状态; 深草区; 粗制品
(动) 使不平, 使粗糙; 粗制; 使蓬乱; 草拟, 画...的轮廓
(形) 粗糙的, 草率的, 粗暴的

English - Chinese - rough

Pronunciation
(名) 高低不平的地面; 未加工狀態; 深草區; 粗製品
(動) 使不平, 使粗糙; 粗製; 使蓬亂; 草擬, 畫...的輪廓
(形) 粗糙的, 草率的, 粗暴的

English - Hindi - rough

Pronunciation
n. बेअदबी, अशिष्टता, भद्दी बात, कटूक्ति
v. टर्राना
a. बीहड़, ऊबड़-खाबड़, रूख, रूखा, कठोर, अशिष्ट, असभ्य, बेढंगा, अपरिष्कृत, चमक: बिना चमक का, अपूर्ण, लग-भग

English - Japanese - rough

Pronunciation
(形) 粗い; もじゃもじゃした; でこぼこした; 未加工の; 素朴な; 粗野な; 荒っぽい
(副) 荒っぽく, 乱暴に; 雑に, いい加減に
(動) ざらざらになる; 乱暴に振舞う; 下書きする, スケッチする

English - Korean - rough

Pronunciation
명. 울퉁불퉁한 토지, 미가공, 미가공물, 학대, 난폭자
동. 거칠게 하다, 징을 박다, 말에 징을 박다, 편자에 징을 박다, 난폭하게 다루다, 대충 갈다, 보석 따위를 대충 갈다, 렌즈 따위를 대충 갈다, 거칠게 굴다
형. 거칠은; 조악스러운, 들쭉날쭉한, 고르지 않은; 조잡한, 투박한, 세련되지 않은

English - Vietnamese - rough

Pronunciation
n. đất gồ ghề, đất lỡm chỡm, khoảng đời vất vả, côn đồ, tình trạng nguyên
v. làm rối tóc, làm lông dựng lên, sống khó khăn, ngược đải, sống vất vả
a. thô, nhám, gập ghềnh, gồ ghề, lỡm chởm, khó đi, lồi lõm, không bằng phẳng, dữ dội, tàn bạo, cộc cằn, thô lổ, phỏng chừng, gần đúng, giọng trầm
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Verb forms for rough
Present participle: roughing
Present: rough (3.person: roughs)
Past: roughed
Future: will rough
Present conditional: would rough
Present Perfect: have roughed (3.person: has roughed)
Past Perfect: had roughed
Future Perfect: will have roughed
Past conditional: would have roughed