Definitions and translations for "temper"

Definition of temper

Pronunciation
Noun
1. A tendency to be of a certain type of mood.
To have a good, bad, calm, or hasty temper
He has quite a (bad) temper when dealing with salespeople.
2. State of mind.
3. The state of any compound substance which results from the mixture of various ingredients; due mixture of different qualities.
The temper of mortar
4. Constitution of body; the mixture or relative proportion of the four humours: blood, choler, phlegm, and melancholy.
5. The heat treatment to which a metal or other material has been subjected; a material that has undergone a particular heat treatment.
6. Calmness of mind; moderation; equanimity; composure.
To keep one's temper
7. The state of a metal or other substance, especially as to its hardness, produced by some process of heating or cooling.
The temper of iron or steel
8. Middle state or course; mean; medium.
9. Milk of lime, or other substance, employed in the process formerly used to clarify sugar.
Verb
10. To moderate or control.
Temper your language around children.
11. To strengthen or toughen a material, especially metal, by heat treatment; anneal.
Tempering is a heat treatment technique applied to metals, alloys, and glass to achieve greater toughness by increasing the strength of materials and/or ductility. Tempering is performed by a controlled reheating of the work piece to a temperature below its lower eutectic critical temperature.
12. To sauté spices in ghee or oil to release essential oils for flavouring a dish in South Asian cuisine.
13. To mix clay, plaster or mortar with water to obtain the proper consistency.
14. To adjust, as the mathematical scale to the actual scale, or to that in actual use.
15. To govern; to manage.
16. To combine in due proportions; to constitute; to compose.
17. To mingle in due proportion; to prepare by combining; to modify, as by adding some new element; to qualify, as by an ingredient; hence, to soften; to mollify; to assuage.
18. To fit together; to adjust; to accommodate.
© Wordnet 3.1 & Wiktionary - Combined dictionary for best results.

English - English - temper

Pronunciation
n. temperament, disposition; mood
v. moderate, soften, tone down; toughen, harden
v. temper, subdue, soften, damp, attemper, deaden, tone down, tame, shade, blend, mingle, mix, anneal, chill, harden, alloy

English - Spanish - temper

Pronunciation
s. temperamento, amoscamiento, carácter, disposición, estado de ánimo, genio, humor, temple
v. atemperar, desacerbar, entibiar, templar

English - French - temper

Pronunciation
n. humeur, caractère, tempérament; sang-froid, calme
v. tempérer, adoucir, être en colère

English - German - temper

Pronunciation
n. Wetter, Temperamet
v. temperieren, dämpfen, mäßigen, mildern; anlassen (Metallurgie)

English - Indonesian - temper

Pronunciation
n. perangai, sifat, watak, kemarahan, tabiat marah, marah: keadaan marah, tingkah marah, kesabaran, kesanggupan menguasai diri, semangat, hati: keadaan hati, kekerasan
v. melembuntukan, memperlembut, melunakkan, meringankan, mengekang, sesuai dgn, selaras: adalah selaras dgn, mengeraskan, menegarkan, mempertegar

English - Italian - temper

Pronunciation
s. umore, disposizione d'animo; carattere irascibile, caratteraccio, (iron) caratterino; collera, rabbia, stizza; indole, temperamento; (Met) tempra; rinvenimento; miscela legante
v. moderare, attenuare, temperare, mitigare; modificare, cambiare, trasformare, adattare; (Met) rinvenire; (Vetr, Met) temprare; fortificare, rendere più forte; (tecn) mescolare, mischiare, miscelare

English - Polish - temper

Pronunciation
n. zaprawa murarska, stopień twardości stali, usposobienie, nastrój, natura, humor, gniew, hart, hartowność
v. rozrabiać, mieszać, wymieszać, hartować się, narozrabiać, łagodzić, miarkować, hamować, hartować, mięszać

English - Portuguese - temper

Pronunciation
s. temperamento
v. misturar, dissolver, moderar, abrandar

English - Romanian - temper

Pronunciation
n. fire, temperament, caracter, dispoziţie, calm, linişte, stare de spirit, stăpânire de sine, sânge rece, mânie, furie, istericale, combinaţie {chim.}, coeficient de duritate
v. acorda {muz.}, tempera, potoli, calma, alina, regula, dilua, combina, stăpâni o pasiune, oţeli, căli {tehn.}, frământa, amesteca, modera

English - Russian - temper

Pronunciation
с. нрав, характер; раздражительность, вспыльчивость; сдержанность, самообладание; настроение; степень твердости и упругости
г. умерять, смягчать, регулировать, делать смесь, отпускать, закалять, закаляться, темперировать

English - Turkish - temper

Pronunciation
f. kıvamına getirmek, çeliğe su vermek, sertleştirmek, akort etmek, sertleşmek (çelik)
i. huy, ruh hali, keyif, öfke, sinir, huysuzluk, kıvam, tav, çeliğe verilen su

English - Ukrainian - temper

Pronunciation
n. вдача, стриманість, настрій, натура, вдаха, диспозиція, дразливість, норов, характер
v. стримувати, пом'якшуватися, регулювати, гартувати

English - Dutch - temper

Pronunciation
zn. humeur, slecht humeur
ww. temperen, matigen; verzachten; doen bedaren; mengen; aanmaken

English - Greek - temper

Pronunciation
ουσ. διάθεση, θυμός, ιδιοσυγκρασία, κράμα, ψυχική διάθεση, έψαξη
ρήμ. βάπτω χαλύβα, συγκιρνώ, μετριάζω, μαλακώνω

English - Arabic - temper

Pronunciation
‏مزاج، طبع، حدة، إنفعال، نزعة، إتجاه، درجة الصلابة، المرونة، إعتدال، حالة وسطى‏
‏لين، عدل، لطف، سقى الفولاذ، صلب، نقع، ضبط درجة النغمة‏

English - Chinese - temper

Pronunciation
(名) 脾气, 趋向, 调剂
(动) 锻炼, 使缓和, 调剂; 经回火后具有的韧度

English - Chinese - temper

Pronunciation
(名) 脾氣, 趨向, 調劑
(動) 鍛煉, 使緩和, 調劑; 經回火後具有的韌度

English - Hindi - temper

Pronunciation
n. स्वभाव, प्रकृति, मिज़ाज, मनोभाव, मनोवृत्ति, ग़ुस्सा, चिढ़, झंझलाहट, खीज, मिलावट, घाल-मेल, मिश्रण, घोला, विलयन
v. कम करना, धीमा करना, ठंडा करना, शांत करना, मिलाना, मिला देना, मिलित करन

English - Japanese - temper

Pronunciation
(名) 気分; 性質; かんしゃく; 硬度
(動) 鍛える; 適度の硬さにする; 和らげる

English - Korean - temper

Pronunciation
명. 기질, 성질; 기분
동. 완화하다, 누그러지다, 부드럽게하다; 단련하다, 굳히다

English - Vietnamese - temper

Pronunciation
n. tính cứng, sự bình tỉnh, tánh chất, khí chất, cơn giận dữ, tâm trạng
v. làm dịu bớt, trui thép
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Verb forms for temper
Present participle: tempering
Present: temper (3.person: tempers)
Past: tempered
Future: will temper
Present conditional: would temper
Present Perfect: have tempered (3.person: has tempered)
Past Perfect: had tempered
Future Perfect: will have tempered
Past conditional: would have tempered